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Relationship and Sex Education

The section below outlines possible discussion points and questions that you can have with your child. Discussions may vary depending on misconceptions and questions they have so please feel free to adjust and alter where needed. Apologies if some of the sections sound condescending! That was not my aim! I've just tried to write some notes to make it clear.  


We covered all of the sections in school with the first Year 6 group and it took a whole morning (with break times and brain breaks!).


Please do not hesitate to message any of the Year 6 staff if you have any questions/queries/ suggestions. 



Relationship and Sex education (RSE)


(This section is also on a word document that also includes useful diagrams/ images). 


The basis of these sessions is talking and having open discussions – to address any misconceptions (the classic one being a baby grown in the tummy!) and to start talking about sensitive topics so that it becomes more natural and the children grow in maturity and confidence and thus can have open conversations if needed at later dates.


From this age, your child may have either started puberty or they will be starting puberty soon and we have tried to put together a range or resources that will allow you to share how their bodies will be changing and why.


The content covered comes directly from the national curriculum:




  1. Relationships and family
  2. Identity, gender and sex
  3. Terminology
  4. Body image
  5. Puberty
  6. Personal Hygiene
  7. Sex education

For each of the sections, you will see key questions that can be used to start conversations. Any links to resources will also be shared.


We always start RSE sessions by recapping the ‘ground rules’. The children are given post it notes to write down any questions they may have (done anonymously). If your child would like to ask a question to staff, they can post a question on their portfolio (can only be read by the child, parents and teacher).



1. Relationships and family.

Key questions/ discussion points:

-What is a relationship?

Definition: the way in which two or more people or things are connected, or the state of being connected.

-Can you think of different relationships?

-family/ friends etc.

- What is a family?

-Do all families look the same?

-What different types of family are there?

Watch the BBC bitesize video on relationships and family:

Check understanding and ask questions.


Healthy/unhealthy relationships:

-Are all relationships healthy/ good for you?

-How can you stay safe within a relationship?

-What could you do if you were in an unhealthy relationship?

(Childline: 0800 11 11)

Watch the BBC video:

Check understanding and ask questions.


2. Identity, gender and sex.

What does 'identity' mean?

          -Definition: the fact of being who or what a person or thing is. the characteristics determining who or what a person or thing is.

What about the word stereotype?

          -Definition: a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.

What is the difference between sex and gender?

          -Wiki: The distinction between sex and gender differentiates a person's biological sex (the anatomy of an individual's reproductive system, and secondary sex characteristics) from that person's gender, which can refer to either social roles based on the sex of the person (gender role) or personal identification of one's own gender based on an internal awareness (gender identity).

Is gender fixed from birth or can you change gender?



-Watch the BBC bitesize video:


-Check understanding and answer questions.


3. Terminology

For this section, we discuss the correct terms for body parts.



4. Body Image

What is a Body Image?

Is it Ok to shame other people because of their body image?

Why do people change their body image?

-BBC Bitesize video:

-Check understanding and answer questions.



5. Puberty.

-As you grow older, your body might go through some changes both on the inside and the outside. Can you think of some changes that bodies may go through?

-Write a list of things that the child knows might change in boys and girls. You may wish to add to your list as you go through the resources:

-What differences/similarities are there?

-What is this called?


-BBC bitesize video:


-Use the diagram below to label changes that occur during puberty (also as a stand alone resource)



-Look through the puberty powerpoint and the boys/girls puberty Ebook (see linked resources). It’s important that children know not only how they might change, but also how children of the opposite sex may change.

-Check understanding and answer questions.



6. Personal Hygiene

How might I look after my body in the next few years?

What might I have to do more of/ differently?

-Look through the personal hygiene powerpoint. Discuss the need to wash more regularly (tip: get your child to understand the washing machine! You won’t regret it!)

-Check understanding and answer questions.


8. Sex education

-What is sex? How do animals reproduce? How do humans produce babies?

-Go through the worksheet filling in the blanks (see resources). It is useful to use the diagram below (also in the attached resources) as you are talking through this part (otherwise it’s just a lot of big words!).


Through the discussions on puberty and the menstrual cycle, the children should know that males produce sperm in the testes and that females produce an egg. Now it’s explaining that it is the joining of these two through the act of sex that produce the baby.


-Check understanding and answer questions.